Short name of participant:   Name of the infrastructure
Web site address:   Location Baltic Sea; Archipelago Sea, Island of Utö

Description of the infrastructure: Utö Atmospheric and Marine Research Station is one of FMI’s main marine and atmospheric observing sites. Atmospheric observations cover a wide range of meteorological, climate, sea-atmosphere gas exchange and air quality parameters. Marine observations include under-water flows, waves, physical state (T, S, ice cover) of the sea, algae, and nutrients. It is also the only fixed platform in the project frequently covered by sea ice, with online underwater observations. All atmospheric and most marine measurements (except some biological observations to be completed in 2015) are operational.

Services currently offered by the infrastructure: Users will be given virtual access to data collected with instruments already installed. The online marine component of Utö measurement station is new; built only in 2013-14. However, diverse manual oceanographic and meteorological observations are available since 1889 (Jevrejeva et al., 2004; Haapala and Leppäranta, 1997; Haapala and Alenius, 1997; Ahlnäs, 1962). Several scientific articles have been published based on earlier observations at Utö. In 2012, Utö hosted the 60+ participants annual science meeting of ICOS-Finland (, including visits to different measurement locations on the island.

Support offered under this proposal: Users are provided with quality ensured data, in monthly/daily files as soon as it is available. All data will be documented and available in simple ASCII format with read-me descriptions. Data and metadata is delivered through FMI open data portal ( according to EU-
Inspire directive standards and procedures. In addition, data will be submitted in suitable global marine databases described in application, with already existing support for the users.

Outreach to new users: Through this project, new data will be made available. In particular, other partners and institutes with similar observation facilities will have use for our data. The new data available will be advertised in scientific meetings, journal articles and global database web-pages.


Short name of participant:   Name of the infrastructure
SMHI MOS (Marine Observation System)
Web site address:   Location Gothenburg and Norrköping, Sweden

Description of the infrastructure: The infrastructure consists of one ferrybox going from the Gulf of Bothnia, Baltic Proper to the Kattegat; two advanced oceanographic off shore buoys, one in the Skagerrak and one in the Baltic Proper; 6 advanced coastal buoys operated in cooperation with Swedish Universities; and an HF radar system for the Skagerrak.

Services currently offered by the infrastructure: Data access will be provided in near real time and in delayed mode. Parameters include salinity, temperature, chlorophyll fluorescence, turbidity, oxygen, pH, pCO2, wave height and direction, current speed and direction and also in air data on temperature, irradiation and air pressure. Also data from laboratory analyses of water samples are included, e.g. chlorophyll, salinity, CDOM, coloured dissolved organic matter, phytoplankton abundance and biodiversity. Data is distributed through the Baltic Operational Oceanographic System, BOOS and through the Swedish Oceanographic Data Centre at SMHI. Data is accessible through download and through web services. Data and metadata is delivered through SMHI systems for distributing oceanographic data, e.g. according to EU standards and procedures.

Support offered under this proposal: Advice on the quality of data and answers to other questions will be offered through requests by e-mail. Users are provided with documented, quality ensured data.

Outreach to new users: The web site is used to inform about new services and also for visualisation of data allowing the users to inspect the data for their needs before downloading data Information about services will also be distributed at national and international meetings. New data available will be advertised in scientific meetings, journal articles and global database web-pages.


Short name of participant:   Name of the infrastructure
SYKE SYKE-Alg@line
Web site address:   Location BOOS. Baltic Sea – Helsinki, Finland -> Travemünde, Germany; Helsinki, Finland -> Stockholm, Sweden

Description of the infrastructure: SYKE Alg@line project in the Baltic Sea monitors the state of the sea and detects algal blooms. Several millions of data points are collected annually from the Baltic Sea, using a fleet of 5-7 ferries. Ferries are equipped with a flow-through system with a thermosalinograph, chlorophyll, phycocyanin and CDOM fluorometers, turbidity meter and refrigerated sampling unit providing discrete water samples for laboratory analyses (e.g. microscopy, flowCAM, nutrients, optical analysis etc.). Additional sensors e.g. for primary production (FRRF) and light reflectance are used periodically, and new sensors for light absorption and pCO2 will be soon implemented. Data can be retrieved in real time using satellite or GSM connection (basic sensors) or downloaded during harbour visits (additional sensors).

Services currently offered by the infrastructure: Alg@line data is available through the MyOcean data portal and has also been delivered to users based on mutual cooperation via ftp. Data can be visually inspected on the project website. Data has been utilised by several users e.g. in analysing the extent of cyanobacterial blooms in the Baltic Sea (Groetsch et al 2014, Kahru & Elmgren 2014) Groetsch, Simis, Eleveld, Peters (2014) Cyanobacterial bloom detection based on coherence between ferrybox observations. J Mar Syst in press Kahru, Elmgren (2014) Multidecadal time series of satellite-detected accumulations of cyanobacteria in the Baltic Sea. Biogeosciences 11, 3619-3633

Support offered under this proposal: Users will be assisted in data analysis and data interpretation.

Outreach to new users: To attract new users, more data will be available in near real time and in delayed mode. Using EU funding, we will provide better visualization of data, allowing the users to inspect the data for their needs before downloading data. We expect that having our data more easily available and visually presented will attract research teams looking for data for validating their marine ecosystem models and remote sensing data as well as those evaluating the interannual variations in algal blooms and eutrophication status of the Baltic Sea. We expect that there will be a clear increase in users of data.


Short name of participant:   Name of the infrastructure
NIVA NIVA Research Station – NRS
Web site address:   Location Oslofjord, Norway.

Description of the infrastructure: The NIVA Research Station at Solbergstrand performs large-scale experiments in marine ecology, sediment research, biogeochemistry, and aquaculture, and tests technology for treating ballast water.

Facilities at Solbergstrand covers e.g. hard-bottom and soft-bottom mesocosoms, brackish water systems, seaweed and kelp communities, pelagic communities from the upper water depths and continuous water supply from surface and 60 meter with measurements on temperature and salinity. From 2015 new biogeochemical sensors will be implemented ( pH, pCO2 and different fluorescence sensors).

Services currently offered by the infrastructure: The research station hosts visiting researchers to do research on marine ecology, marine biology, biogeochemistry and testing of advances carbon systems sensor. Many national and international projects have taken advantage of the station, and research groups have visited the stations for instance to study the effects of hard-bottom communities for oil exposure and eutrophication and effects on soft bottom organisms on high CO2 and variable pH systems. In early 2015 the research station will also offer virtual access to sensor data from water intakes from the Oslo fjord from surface to 60 meters depth including salinity, temperature and new biogeochemical data for climate studies.

Support offered under this proposal: NIVA staff will support via data QC and setup of remote data access.

Outreach to new users: The research station is already well used by many EU projects and many international groups are using this station to perform experiments.. Virtual Access through this project will further increase the user base.